Articles

Companies Act 1993 - ''Indoor Management''

Friday, September 07, 2018

A recent Court of Appeal decision (Autumn Tree1) makes it clear that where a company enters a contract and only one director signs it:  Read more

Important Update in Respect of PPSR Registration

Friday, September 07, 2018

The Personal Property Securities Amendment Regulations 2018 will come into force on 1 October 2018 and make a number of technical amendments to the Personal property Securities Regulations 2001. Read more

Section 131: Duty of Directors to Act in Good Faith and in Best Interests of Company

Wednesday, September 20, 2017
In accordance with Section 131 of the Companies Act 1993 ("Act"), directors have a duty to act in good faith and in what they genuinely believe to be the best interests of the company.  While it may be expected that directors should always behave in such a manner, and not place their personal interests ahead of the company's, various judgments have explored the extent of this duty and provided more information about the considerations director should take account of when exercising their powers.

The Duty
As noted in the decision of Sojourner v Robb1, the duty is one of loyalty and arises out of the fiduciary relationship that directors owe to the company from their position as its agents.  Additionally, although a director must act in good faith and in the best interests of the company on most occasions, Section 131 of the Act outlines that there are a few exceptions to this duty which allow a director to act otherwise, as follows: Read more

''Best Endeavours'' or ''All Reasonable Endeavours''

Monday, August 28, 2017

What's the Difference? Read more

Section 135 of the Companies Act - Reckless Trading:

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Non-Executive or Passive Directors and Directors' Duties: The Courts Take no Excuses for a "Hands Off" Approach Read more

Directors' Duties - What Directors Need to Know

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

In New Zealand, there are few prohibitions on who can become a director of a company, and no real qualification requirements.  This means that some people become directors without actually understanding what their role requires.  This can result in a company not being managed and governed as required by the Companies Act 1993 ("Act"), which in turn can lead to a breach of duty, which can have very serious consequences, up to and including personal liability for company debts or even criminal sanctions in the worst of cases. Read more

Company Law Case Summary: Mike Pero Mortgages Limited v Mike Pero [2016] NZHC 3185 per Katz J

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Background Read more

Terms of Trade - An Essential Part of Your Business

Thursday, June 01, 2017

Terms are Essential: Read more

Providing Financial Services or Financial Products in New Zealand

Thursday, April 06, 2017

There are a large number of statutes that potentially apply to any business providing financial services or products in New Zealand.  We are aware from prosecutions by regulators and from assistance that we have provided to clients, that many people are unaware of the full compliance requirements that relate to their business.  In some cases, businesses may comply with one statute, but are unaware that there are other statutes that apply. Read more

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